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Performance-Oriented Remedies in European Sale of Goods Law

Gebonden Engels 2009 9781841138930
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Samenvatting

In het contractenrecht zijn er nogal wat verschillen tussen het Europees recht en het Angelsaksisch recht. Maar doordat het kooprecht in Europa steeds verder wordt geharmoniseerd zullen de verschillende benaderingen dichter tot elkaar moeten komen. In dit boek onderzoekt Vanessa Mak welke verschillen en overeenkomsten er zijn op het gebied van sancties en komt met een model om de beide stelsels op dit gebied nog dichter bij elkaar te brengen.

Specificaties

ISBN13:9781841138930
Taal:Engels
Bindwijze:gebonden
Aantal pagina's:222
Druk:0
Verschijningsdatum:15-1-2009
Hoofdrubriek:Juridisch

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Over Vanessa Mak

Vanessa Mak is a Professor of Private Law and Vice Dean for Research at Tilburg Law School. Her research focuses on the role of private law in the economic regulation of the European (consumer) market, with particular focus on consumer contract law, credit and investment law, data protection and the platform economy. Prior to her appointment in Tilburg, Vanessa held positions as a Lecturer in Law at Oriel College, Oxford and as a postdoctoral researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law in Hamburg. Vanessa has law degrees from Erasmus University Rotterdam (LL.M 2001, cum laude) and from the University of Oxford, where she obtained her D.Phil on Performance-Oriented Remedies in European Sale of Goods Law (published with Hart Publishing, 2009).

Andere boeken door Vanessa Mak

Inhoudsopgave

Acknowledgments
Table of Cases
Table of National Legislation
Table of European Law
Table of International Treaties and Conventions

1—Introduction
I. Scope of the Project
1. Jurisdictions and Legal Rules under Consideration
2. Limitations to the Substantive Scope of the Project
II. Background and Theoretical Framework
1. The Civilian Tradition: German and Dutch Law
2. The Common Law Tradition: English Law
III. Outline of the Project

2—Harmonisation of European Sale of Goods Laws
I. Introduction
II. Contracts, Sales Contracts and Harmonisation
1. Sales Law and European Contract Law
a) Harmonisation of Contract Law in Europe
b) Should Sales Law Lead the Way?
2. European Sales Law—The Road Ahead
a) Harmonisation of Consumer Sales Law
b) CISG and European Sales Law
c) PECL or CISG as a Basis for Harmonisation of European Sales Law?
3. Conclusion
III. The Boundaries of European Sales Law
1. 'One is More than Two'
a) Issues of Delimitation
b) A Transaction Costs Approach
c) Consumer Protection and Consumer Confidence
2. Harmonisation—An Assessment of the Current Position
3. Conclusion

3—The Nature and Scope of Performance-Oriented Remedies
I. Introduction
II. The Nature of Performance-oriented Remedies
1. The Binding Nature of Contractual Obligations
2. The Nature of Performance: Rights or Remedies?
a) Basic Notion: 'Performance-oriented Remedies'
b) 'Discretionary Remedialism'
c) Sub-division into Rights and Remedies
3. The Performance Interest Protected through Performance-Oriented Remedies
a) The Under-Compensation Argument
b) The Intentions of the Parties
III. The Scope of Performance-Oriented Remedies
1. Utilitarianism v Rights-Based Theory
2. Limitations Based in Efficiency
3. Limitations Based in Moral Rights Reasoning
IV. Conclusion

4—The Buyer's Entitlement to Specific Performance
I. Introduction
II. The Basis for Specific Performance in English Sale of Goods Law
1. Unique Goods and Section 52 of the SGA
2. Commercial Uniqueness
a) Value of the Goods to the Buyer
b) Temporary Unavailability of Substitutes
c) Quantification of Damages
III. A Wider Perspective—Specific Performance in German and Dutch Law
1. General Availability of Specific Performance
2. Limits to Specific Performance—The Other Side of the 'Appropriateness' Test
IV. Restrictions on Specific Performance—Common Law and Civil Law Compared
1. English Law Bars to Specific Performance
a) Impossibility
b) Severe Hardship
2. Civil Law Bars to Specific Performance
a) Impossibility
b) Good Faith as a Bar to Specific Performance
3. Common Law and Civil Law Restrictions Compared
a) Weight Attached to Restrictions on Specific Performance
b) Good Faith as a General Restriction on Specific Performance
4. Conclusion
V. Specific Performance in European and Other Uniform Sales Laws
1. The Basic Principle—General Availability of Specific Performance
2. Bars to Specific Performance
VI. Conclusion

5—Repair and Replacement
I. Introduction
II. Repair and Replacement: Definitions
1. Repair
2. Replacement
III. Repair, Replacement and Specific Performance
IV. The Buyer's Freedom of Choice
1. The Choice between Performance-Oriented Remedies, Damages and Termination
2. The Choice between Repair and Replacement
V. Restrictions on the Freedom of Choice
1. The Proportionality of the Remedy
a) Proportionality and Damages
b) Proportionality and Termination or Price Reduction
2. Elements of the Proportionality Test
a) Value of the Goods
b) Significance of the Lack of Conformity
c) Inconvenience to the Buyer
3. Repair and Replacement in Commercial Sales
a) The Availability of Repair and Replacement in Commercial Sales
b) Restrictions on Repair and Replacement—The Proportionality Test in Commercial Sales
VI. Conclusion

6—The Seller's Right to Cure
I. Introduction
II. Policy Issues
III. Cure Before the Due Delivery Date
1. Cure in the Light of the Relationship between the Right Withhold Performance and the Right of Termination
2. Cure, Tender and Delivery
3. Cure between Rejection and Termination
4. Conclusion
IV. Cure after the Due Delivery Date
1. Where Time is of the Essence
2. Where Time is not of the Essence
a) Basis of the Right to Cure
b) The Time Period for Cure
c) Notice or No Notice?
3. Conclusion
V. Informal Attempts at Cure
1. The Time Period for Cure
2. Acceptance of Repaired Goods
3. Rejection and Termination Revisited
VI. Conclusion

7—Cure: Enforcement, Limitations and the Hierarchy of Remedies
I. Introduction
II. Enforcement of the Right to Cure
1. The Buyer's Obligation to Take Delivery
2. Safeguards for the Buyer
III. Limitations to the Right to Cure
1. Limitations—Cure Compared with Specific Performance
2. Limitations to Cure Based on Moral Rights Reasoning
a) 'Unreasonable Expense'
b) 'Unreasonable Inconvenience'
3. Conclusion
IV. Cure and the Hierarchy of Remedies
V. Conclusion

8—Conclusion
I. The Buyer's Entitlement to a Performance-Oriented Remedy
II. The Seller's Right to Cure and the Hierarchy of Remedies
III. Commercial and Consumer Sales
IV. The Future of European Sales Law

Bibliography
Index

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